What is Reading Therapy
We use the Phono-Graphix™ Reading and Spelling method as we find it to be the most successful method, especially with children who struggle with these skills. Phono-Graphix™ is a straightforward reading method, which was developed by Carmen and Geoffrey Mc Guinness in 1993, at the Read America clinic. It takes the sounds of the English language – and teaches the various sound-pictures (letters) that represent those sounds in progressive stages. The English Language is made up of 143 or so different sound pictures that make up the code of reading and spelling. Phono-Graphix™ teaches the nature of the code.
That is: letters are pictures of sounds, a sound picture can be one or more than one letter, there is variation in the code and there is overlap in the code. It also teaches the skills for using this code.
Results of the 1996 Orton Annals of Dyslexia study conducted at the Read America clinic by Dr. Mc Guinness of the University of South Florida, showed a remarkable 98% success rate at getting clients to grade level in just 12 sessions. This was the average for all clients, including those with reading related learning disabilities.
Local (South Africa) Research
The application of Phono-Graphix has been explored in South Africa with young adult learners as part of a Master Degree in Education at Wits University. A research project was conducted at the Sparrow Skills Centre, where Phono-Graphix was shown to be an effective pre-cursor to the Adult Basic Education and training Level 1 curriculum and other literacy practices.
Spelling & Reading Therapy takes place in weekly sessions (30 – 60 min sessions) and can either be a stand alone therapy or be part of an Occupational therapy session.
Reading Therapy Referral Checklist
- Difficulty with segmenting and / or blending words
- Uses alphabet names instead of sounds
- Adds, reverses or leaves out sounds
- Leaves endings off
- Doesn’t read/ spell two letter sounds like “sh” or “ow” correctly
- Only reads 1 syllable words
- Can’t break words into syllables
- Guesses words
- Doesn’t understand words or the passage
- Reading too fast, not pausing for commas or fullstops
- Reading very slowly or not fluently
- Mispronounces words
- Avoids reading or refuses to read a word
- Adds or leaves out words
- Doesn’t understand contractions
- Doesn’t use the correct sound
- Doesn’t know more complex sounds
- Leaves endings off words
- Can’t pick up own spelling mistakes
- Vocabulary problem
- Lacks confidence with reading
- Poor spelling
- Poor comprehension